Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content



1.3. History TEHRAN Province has several archeological sites indicating settlements dating back several thousand years. Until 300 years ago, Ray was the most prominent of the cities of the province. However, the city of Tehran rose to become the larger city and capital of Iran by 1778, and since then has been the political, cultural, economical, and commercial nucleus of Iran.
Tehran has over 1500 historical sites of cultural significance registered with the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran. The oldest of these in Tehran province are the remains of two sites in Firuzkuh County that date back to the 4th millennium BCE.
Tehran became a residence of the Safavid rulers in the 17th century. Tahmasp I built a bazaar and a wall around the city, but it somewhat fell out of favor after Abbas I turned sick when he was passing the city to go to a war with the Uzbeks.
In the early of 18th century, Karim Khan Zand ordered a palace, and a government office to be built in Tehran, possibly to declare the city his capital, but later moved his government to Shiraz. Tehran finally became the capital of Iran in 1795, when the Qajar king Agha Mohammad Khan was crowned in the city. It remains the capital to this day.
In the 1920s and 30's, the city essentially was started from scratch under the rule of Reza Shah. The Tehran Bazaar was divided in half and many historic buildings were destroyed in order to build wide straight avenues in the capital. Many examples of Persian Gardens also became targets to new construction projects. During World War II, British and Soviet troops entered the city. Tehran was the site of the Tehran Conference in 1943, attended by Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin.
In the 1960s and 70's Tehran was rapidly developing. Buildings altered the face of Tehran and ambitious projects were envisioned for the following decades. Continuing with few elements of them, such as the Milad Tower, being built in Islamic Republic decades later.
During the 1980–88 Iran–Iraq War, Tehran was the scene of repeated Scud missile attacks and air strikes against random residential and industrial targets within the city, resulting in thousands of civilian casualties. Material damage was repaired soon after each strike. Tehran attracted war refugees by the millions.

Copyright © 2014 .All Rights Reserved.
Powered By : "Samix"