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 Tehran today


Tehran is the commercial heart of Iran. Tehran province has over 17,000 industrial units employing 390,000 people, 26% of all units in Iran. The province contains 30% of Iran's economy, and comprises 40% of Iran's consumer market. The province has three hydro dams namely Latiyan, Lar, and Amir Kabir as well as two natural lakes, providing the water supply of Tehran and the province. The province contains 170 mines, over 330 square kilometres of forests, and over 12800 square kilometres of pasture.
Tehran county borders Shemiranat county to the north, Damavand county to the east, Eslamshahr, Pakdasht, and Ray counties to the south, and Karaj and Shahriar counties to the west..
The city of Tehran is divided into 22 municipal districts, each with its own administrative centers.
Within these 22 districts, Tehran contains the following major neighborhoods:
Abbas Abad, Afsariyeh, Amaniyeh, Amir Abad, Bagh Feiz, Baharestan, Darakeh, Darband, Dardasht, Dar Abad, Darrous, Dehkadeh Olampik, Ekhtiyariyeh, Elahiyeh, Evin, Farmanieh, Fereshteh, Gheitariye, Gholhak, Gisha, Gomrok, Hasan Abad, Jamaran, Jannat Abad, Javadiyeh, Jomhuri, Jordan, Lavizan, Mehran, Narmak, Navab, Nazi Abad, Niavaran, Park-e Shahr, Pasdaran, Piroozi, Punak, Ray, Sa'adat Abad, Sadeghiyeh, Seyed Khandan, Sohrevardi, Shahrara, Shahr-e ziba, Shahrak-e Gharb, Shemiran, Tajrish, Tehranpars, Tehransar, Vanak, Velenjak, Yaft Abad, Yusef Abad, Zafaraniyeh, etc.
Tehran relies heavily on private cars, buses, motorcycles, and taxis, and is one of the most car-dependent cities in the world. The Tehran Stock Exchange, which is a full member of the Federation International des Bourses de Valeurs (FIBV) and a founding member of the Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges, has been one of the world's best performing stock exchanges in recent years.
Also this a list of Tehran streets named after international personalities: Henri Corbin Street, Edward Browne Street, Gandhi Street, Muhammad Ali Jinnah Expressway, Iqbal Lahori Street, Patrice Lumumba Street and Bobby Sands Street.
Tehran is the biggest and most important educational center of Iran. Today there are nearly 50 major colleges and universities total in Greater Tehran. Since the establishment of Darolfonoon in the mid-19th century, Tehran has amassed a large number of institutions of higher education. Some of these institutions have played crucial roles in the unfolding of Iranian political events. Dr. Samuel M. Jordan, whom Jordan Avenue in Tehran was named after, was also one of the founding pioneers of the American College of Tehran that is now well-known as Alborz high school.
In terms of physical exercises, Azadi Stadium is the 5th biggest football stadium in the world and the 1st in the Middle East. Tehran is also the site of Iran's national football stadium on Azadi Sport Complex with 100,000 seating capacity. Azadi Football Stadium is biggest stadium in Iran and Middle East and one of the biggest in the World.
The ski resort of Dizin is situated to the north of Tehran in the Alborz Mountains. Tochal Ski Resort is the world's fifth highest ski resort, at over 3,730 meters (12,240 ft) at its highest 7th station.
Here, one must first ride the eight kilometer long gondola lift which covers a huge vertical and is probably the longest line in the world. The 7th station has three slopes.
The Azadi Tower has been the longstanding symbol of Tehran. It was constructed to commemorate the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire, and was originally named "Shahyad Tower"; after the Iranian revolution, its name changed to "Azadi Tower," meaning "Freedom Tower." The recently constructed Milad Tower may eventually replace the Azadi Tower as Tehran's new symbol. The Milad complex contains the world's fourth tallest tower, several restaurants, a five star hotel, a convention center, a world trade center, and an IT park. Traditionally a low-lying city due to seismic activity in the region, modern high rise developments in Tehran have been undertaken in order to service its growing population.
Tehran is also home to the Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels, also called the Imperial Crown Jewels of Persia, it is claimed to be the largest, most dazzling and valuable jewel collection in the world. The collection comprises a set of crowns and thrones, some 30 tiaras, numerous aigrettes, jewel-studded swords and shields, a vast amount of precious loose gems, including the largest collections of emeralds, rubies and diamonds in the world. It also includes other items collected by the Shahs of Iran during the 2,500 year existence of the Iranian Kingdom. The Imperial Crown Jewels are still on display in the Iranian Central Bank in Tehran.
The following table shows some places for outdoor activities in Tehran:

  • Tochal Ski resort
  • Mellat Park
  • Azadi complex
  • Tar Lake
  • Niavaran Park
  • Tangeh vashi
  • Jahan-e Kudak Park
  • Darband hiking trail
  • Laleh Park
  • Enghelab Sports Complex
  • Amir Kabir Lake
  • Shatranj Park
  • Sa'ei Park
  • Kavir National Park
  • Chitgar Park
  • Darakeh hiking trail
  • Latyan Lake
  • Lar Natural Habitat
  • Lavizan Forest Park
  • Goft-o-gu Park
Tehran has also been considered as sister city for Moscow, Seoul, Manila, Minsk and Los Angeles.
Some major international sport competitions has been held in Tehran, since then, of which, could be named 1974 7th Asian Games, first time in middle east; 1976 AFC Asian Cup and 1997 West Asian Games.
Tehran province's major universities are: Shariaty Technical College, Allameh Tabatabaii University,
Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Alzahra University, Shamsipour Technical College, Baqiyatallah Medical Sciences University, Farabi Institute of Virtual Higher Education, Iran University of Science and Technology, Imam Hossein University, Iran University of Medical Sciences,
K.N.Toosi University of Technology, Shahid Beheshti University, Sharif University of Technology, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Moaalem University,
University of The Arts, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Tehran, Islamic Azad University of Tehran-Science and Research, Islamic Azad University of Tehran-Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Tehran-North, Islamic Azad University of Tehran-South, Islamic Azad University of Tehran-Central, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Comprehensive University of Technology, Tehran University of Applied Science and Technology, Tehran College of Environment, International University of Iran, Iran College of Tele-communications, Medical University for the Islamic Republic of Iran's Army, NAJA University of Police, School of Economic Affairs (SEA),School of International Relations, Shahed University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Sattari University of Aeronautical Engineering, The Research Institute of The Petroleum Industry, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, Power and Water Institute of Technology (PWIT), Payame Noor University.

ROUDEHEN is a town located on the east of Tehran province on Tehran-Mazandaran road. The town is just past the fork between Haraz and Firoozkooh roads. The estimated population of Roudehen and suburbs is around 6000 out of which 7% were inhabited in the town and the rest in the surrounding villages. Roudehen had a population of 12000 when the Islamic Azad University (IAU) was founded in 1983.

PISHVA is a city in the Tehran Province, situated in the south-east of this province and has estimated 27.000 inhabitants. The older names of the city were Samenat and later Emamzadeh-Ja'far. Pishva is also the name one of the islands in the Urmia Lake in Iran.

DAMAVAND is a city in Tehran Province in Iran. Its estimated population is 38,000. It is close to Iran's tallest peak Mount Damavand, which Ferdowsi mentions abundantly in the Shahnameh. The city has relatively cool weather year round. Damavand is rich in historical heritage. It contains 37 historical tombs (Imamzadeh), 27 castle ruins, 23 traditional houses of architectural significance, 18 traditional bath houses, 6 caves, 5 historical bridges, 3 historical mosques, and 3 caravanserais. Damavand country side includes: Kilan, Oureh, Dashtehmazar, Ahmadabad, Cheshmeh Aalla, Mosha, Dashta, Rouhafza, Mahaleh-Darvish, Tizab, Tar Lake, Abesard, Gilavand. Damavand sightseeing and entertainment include Ab-Ali Skiing slope is located in North-East of Mosha, possibility of paragliding from North of Mosha and Amamzadeh Hasham. Damavand is the tallest mountain in Iran. Its height is 5671 meters and it's a calm volcano. There two ways to get to Damavand from Firouzkooh Road via Gilavand located in South of Damavand and from Haraz road via Mosha located in North of Damavand.

REY also known as Shahr-e-Rey is the oldest existing city in the province of Tehran, where Today has been absorbed into the Greater Tehran metropolitan city. It is connected via the Tehran Metro to the rest of Tehran and has many industries and factories in operation. Limited excavations of what was not bulldozed were begun in 1997 in collaboration with the Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO) and the Department of Archaeological Sciences of the University of Bradford.

Rey contains a famous shrine of a Shia saint Shah-Abdol-Azim, as well as a 12th century tower called Borj-e Toghrol. There is also a shrine there, dedicated to commemorate Princess Shahr Banu, eldest daughter of the last ruler of the Sassanid Empire. The other appeal in the city is Cheshmeh-Ali, a hill with a spring. In 1933-6 Cheshmeh Ali hill was excavated by archaeologists from the Boston Fine Arts Museum and the University Museum at the University of Pennsylvania headed by Dr. Erich Schmidt, which resulted in the discovery of 7,000-year-old artifacts. Some of the discovered objects are displayed at museums in Iran, Chicago, and Philadelphia. The architectural structure was constructed under the reign of Saljuks at the order of Toghrol in 1140, once he transferred the capital city from Neyshabour to Ray. Other major consecutions include Shah Abbasi Caravansary, Rey Bazaar, Anyanaj Tower, Gebri Crypt,

VARAMIN is a city located in the south of Tehran Province. Varamin rugs and carpets have geometric patterns with repeated medallions, especially on runners. They are made by tribal people who either live in or pass by Varamin.

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